Corroborating a previously reported finding that valproate reduces the clearance of lamotrigine in adults with bipolar disorder (thereby raising its blood concentrations), and suggesting that it may do so in pediatric epileptic youth, is a study reported recently on the Web (B. Koriskova and colleagues, Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, published online, ahead of print, on January 25, … Read the rest
Knowing whether drugs inhibit or induce cytochrome enzymes affecting bioavailability of coadministered drugs and heeding that knowledge with prescription preferences or dosage adjustments is qualitatively correct practice. More complex and less well-documented are risk-benefit considerations about when and by how much to do so. That the latter depend upon the former is rationale enough to justify commiting to memory (hippocampal … Read the rest
Increasingly prescribed for acute treatment and prophylaxis of bipolar depression, lamotrigine will doubtless become a participant in pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions of patients whose normative polytherapeutic regimens will include three to four other drugs prescribed for psychiatric or medical indications. Disproportionately represented among the latter are antiepileptic drugs, including carbamazepine, valproic acid, and others, such as oxcarbazepine and topiramate, that … Read the rest
A case report cum literature review published last year (I.R. McGrane and colleagues, Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2017 January 1:897190017710523. doi: 10.1177/0897190017710523; published on the Web) corroborated a handful of earlier reported cases suggesting that aripiprazole bioavailability diminishes during coadministration of carbamazepine (attributed by authors of early reports to induction of CYP3A4 by carbamazepine). The more recent report by McGrane … Read the rest
Bupoprion may increase bioavailability of the second-generation beta receptor antagonist carvedilol, suggests a recent study reported in rats (M.B. Abrudan and colleagues, Pharmacology 99(3-4):139-143, 2017).
The authors measured or calculated pharmacokinetic parameters of a single dose of carvedilol in groups of rats pretreated with placebo or bupropion, and found an exposure to carvedilol higher in rats exposed to bupropion. … Read the rest